Referencing is an important part of professional and academic writing. Learn more about our preferred referencing style for written examinations and assignments.
Candidates are encouraged to use a recognised referencing system consistently throughout their response. The preferred system is APA (American Psychological Association); if another system is to be used, this should be noted on the response.
A useful quick guide to APA referencing is provided by the University of Waikato.
For online examinations, responses are expected to include in-text citations AND reference list. When a diagram or chart is copied, its source should be acknowledged in the same way. Please note: If a dramatic quotation is used, the referencing must also include the act/scene number in the case of a play; the line number in the case of a poem; or the page number in the case of a novel/short-story. (In the case of a quotation included in AASB Paper 3, Shakespearean Drama, the author's name does not need to be included.
For a research assignment, responses are expected to include in-text citations AND full bibliography. A candidate who draws from a wide variety of creditable published sources is regarded as better researched (i.e. – material that is authored is preferable to anonymous writing). Please note: If a dramatic quotation is used, a line number should also be provided where available, additional to the criteria for online examinations.
Specific queries regarding referencing should be referred to the Speech New Zealand office: